They needed utensils, clothing, seed, tools, building materials, livestock, arms, ammunition. Actually they were one, all institutions being subordinated to religion. A royal governor, Sir Edmund Andros, levied taxes by executive order, implemented a number of other harsh measures and jailed those who resisted.
Pennsylvania and its appendage, Delaware, owed their initial success to William Penn, an eminently practical Quaker, whose aim Was to attract to the vast region granted him by King Charles 11 settlers of numerous faiths and varied nationalities.
This lack of a waterway, together with the formidable barrier of the Appalachian Mountains, long discouraged movement beyond the coastal plains region.
The planters, supported by slave labor, held most of the political power and the best land. Thus, without ever attending a college or seminary, a church-goer in colonial America could gain an intimate knowledge of Bible doctrine, church history, and classical literature.
They cleared tracts in the wilderness, burned the brush, and cultivated com and wheat among the stumps. The colonies had been practicing limited forms of self-government since the early s.
But the American democratic experiment did not begin in One of these was James Logan, secretary of the colony, at whose fine library young Benjamin Franklin found the latest scientific works.
Colonial politics in the early 18th century resembled English politics in the 17th. Though the Quakers dominated in Philadelphia, elsewhere in Pennsylvania other strains were well represented, The Germans came from a war-ravaged land in large numbers, asking for the chance to earn their bread.
Then all the New England colonies were brought under royal control with complete authority vested in an appointive governor.
Around the same time, the mechanization of the textile industry in England led to a huge demand for American cotton, a southern crop whose production was unfortunately limited by the difficulty of removing the seeds from raw cotton fibers by hand.
Many of these farmed in addition to carrying on some trade or business. Libraries In addition to formal schooling in elementary and secondary schools, colleges, and universities, early America had many other institutions that made it possible for people to either get an education or supplement their previous training.
Puritans and Pilgrims in Massachusetts, Quakers in Pennsylvania, and Catholics in Maryland represented the growing religious diversity in the colonies. In colonial Virginia, colonists had to pay tax on just about everything, including people.
Too busy with material progress to pay much attention to cultural matters, New York lagged far behind both New England and the other middle colonies. This did not, however, mean that all settlers transformed themselves into Englishmen abroad.
To the anxious travelers the sight of the American shore brought almost inexpressible relief. Jamestown, in Virginia, was the first colony to survive in the new world. Coming under the auspices of the London Virginia Company and thus destined for settlement in Virginia, their ship, the famous Mayflower, made its landfall far to the north.
Several colonies were simply offshoots of other settlements.
The Puritans, to be sure, had an inordinate appetite for religious writings, but they did not confine their reading to such works. In many cases, the royal authorities did not understand the importance of what the colonial assemblies were doing and simply neglected them.
But the American democratic experiment did not begin in Ultimately, however, it served as a stepping-stone to the establishment of almost complete domination by the settlers.
Christopher Dock, who made several notable contributions to the science of pedagogy, taught in one of these schools for many years.
But, inevitably, the force of geographic conditions peculiar to America, the interplay of the varied national groups upon one another, and the sheer difficulty of maintaining old-world ways in a raw, new continent caused significant changes.
Free at the end of this term, he would receive freedom dues, sometimes including a small tract of land, usually fifty acres. Political considerations, together with religious, influenced many to move to America. Thus, charters awarded to Cecil Calvert of Maryland, William Penn of Pennsylvania, the proprietors of the Carolinas, and the proprietors of New Jersey specified that legislation should be with "the consent of the freemen.
Even more important was the fact that anyone in an established colony could easily finda new home on the frontier. The cultivation of tobacco required fresh and fertile land, since soil on which it had been grown for three or four years became so exhausted that it produced only weak stalks.
There is no doubt, however, that Franklin himself contributed more than any other single citizen to the stimulation of intellectual activity in Philadelphia.
Madison, in his notes on the Convention, recorded that there was some talk of giving the Federal legislature the power to establish a national university at the future capital.
They were geared not only to the emotions and will, but also to the intellect. Smugglers soon exploited the English inability to guard every port by secretly trading against Parliament's wishes. The whole length of shore provided innumerable inlets and harbors, and only two areas -North Carolina and southern New Jersey -lacked harbors for ocean-going vessels.The Colonial Period.
"Heaven and earth never agreed better to frame a place for man's habitation.". John Smith, founder of the colony of Virginia, Within the span of a hundred years, in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a tide of emigration -one of the great folk wanderings of history-swept from Europe to America.
Colonial government in the Thirteen Colonies. Colonial government in the Thirteen Colonies of North America shared many attributes. While each of the Thirteen Colonies, destined to become the original United States had its own unique history and development, many common features and patterns emerged in their governing institutions and operations.
However, these acts established precedents and principles and eventually became part of the "constitution" of the colonies.
In this way, the colonial legislatures established the right of self- government. In time, the center of colonial administration shifted from London to the provincial capitals.
John Winthrop was the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the eight colonies governed by royal charter in the colonial period. They created and nurtured them.
Like children, the American colonies grew and flourished under British supervision. Like many adolescents, the colonies rebelled. The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European settlements from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America in In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North America.
Spain sent no more settlers or missionaries to Florida during this second colonial period. however, there was no official attempt by the English government to create a colonial empire.
Rather the motivation behind the founding of colonies was piecemeal and variable. The Colonial Period of American History.Download